I was having a conversation today and a friend mentioned an article he'd read that explained how evolution is mathematically implausible or impossible as the time it would take for life to evolve as it is is longer than the universe has existed.
I'm not familiar with this argument and wondered if anyone can point me to that article or to something similar. A refutation of the idea would be helpful as well.
I learned in genetics class that not all mutations involved in evolution is incremental -- but sometimes produces mutational leaps in evolution. Here's a link to an article discussing mutations and evolution: "Genetics: Large Developmental Leaps in Evolution"
"Greatest Show on Earth" and other works of Richard Dawkins can explain a lot about the possibility (read truth) of evolution.
Speaking about the age of earth. It is approximated to be close to 5 billion years.
Now, assume that you count one, every second. To count till a hundred it would take you a minute and 40 seconds and you can count upto 86400 in a day (assuming that You don't sleep during the whole day). It would take 12 days to count till a 1,000,000 and 32 years to count till a 1,000,000,000 or a billion, assuming that you count one every second.
So 5 billion years must be a long long time.
Evolution in microorganisms happen in a span of months or even days. That is one of the reasons why the antibacterial drugs used ten years ago are of no practical medical significance today. We are multicellular organisms who took millions of years to evolve. Keeping in mind what a billion and million is, it is certainly ample time for evolution.
Hope this is helpful.
That is kind of funny considering that Markovian mathematics is used in the confirmation of evolution, along with biological, geological, and other evidence from the different disciplinary fields of natural science.