The landscape is barren. Think Easter Island. Over 98% of the country, including the mountainous areas, has been deforested. Eleven million people live on this small pile of rocks.
Globally, we're in a Great Extinction Event. The mess is most evident in places like Haiti and Africa, but our reaction is to send some food, medical aid and UN troops. It seems like the root of the problem, overpopulation, will be ignored until we reach a point at which no technology will be able to save our interconnected bacon. If we haven't already reached it.
It's not stagnation, it's equilibrium. Stagnation in that sense is but an economics concept developed by the rich elite to bitch that they aren't getting richer fast enough. For the majority of humanity, equilibrium is the best place to be.
"In other words, if we don't control our population voluntarily, it will be controlled for us...if you're running and about to hit a wall, you can either stop, or the wall will stop you."
Yup. That's how it works.