Be it atheists or theists, many may feel human life may be purposeless or untenable; i.e. a never ending search or a "why" question that's perhaps not worth asking.

I think there's a viable alternative to especially the "purposeless" based outlook, with the introduction of a recent concept called "teleonomy", which is an atheistic/scientific way to describe nature in purpose driven language. (In fact, as seen on Wikipedia/teleonomy, Richard Dawkins; recently introduced the treatments “archeo” and “neo” purpose. See his video/speech "the purpose of purpose".)

Anyway, for example, using the laws of thermodynamics, we can try to objectively discover non-trivial goals that humans may undertake, as far as nature goes. (i.e. grand purposes for the human species, that reasonably transcend the desires of individual humans, while seeking to be objective, much like how Science tends to follow the evidence, aiming to describe what the cosmos actually is, rather than what people may want the cosmos to be.)

Note: One may reasonably grasp an understanding of the summaries below, without clicking on the associated wikipedia etc sources. One may however get an even more wholesome understanding, by toggling the links conveniently provided throughout the summaries.

Hypothesis A - An atheist PhD psychologist named Michael Price, hypothesizes that future humans are probably supposed to replicate universes [2017]: "Michael's variant of Cosmological Natural Selection I":

The original version of CNS I stems from a concept called Cosmological Natural Selection by physicist Lee Smolin.

  1. Cosmological Natural Selection, posits that our universe likely stemmed from a process that like evolution or biological natural selection, spun many universes; where the best universe instances emerge from universes that possess excellent replication abilities/properties, through the utilization of blackholes. Intelligent life is said to be an accidental by-product of this replication process
  2. Cosmological Natural Selection I (CNS I), additionally posits that intelligent life is a viable factor for replicating universes.
  3. Michael Price’s variant of CNS I, additionally posits that intelligent life is a likely core influence on the successful generation of replicating universes, where Michael surmises that human intelligence is the most “improbably complex” outcome of the cosmos thus far. Michael ranks modern humans to be a step in the direction towards future human intelligence, that will be able to create non-arbitrary universes. Thereafter, Michael expresses that the scientific purpose of humans is reasonably, ultimately to replicate universes like ours.

Hypothesis B - An atheist computer scientist named Jordan Bennett, hypothesizes that a grand human purpose is probably to create Artificial General Intelligence [2015]: "Why the purpose of the human species is probably to create artificial general intelligence?"

  1. In understanding Jordan's hypothesis, one may imagine entropy as a currency in an economy.
  2. Agents/organisms that get work done (access to activities) in nature, must pay up some entropy, you don't do work or have access to activities, without paying up some entropy.
  3. Highly Intelligent things (like humans) reasonably pay more entropy, compared to less intelligent things or non intelligent things, because humans do more work i.e. many cognitive tasks (thinking about science, doing scientific stuff) compared to lesser intelligences or non intelligent things.
  4. In a similar way, chimps may pay more entropy than say less intelligent things, because they do more work, or have access to more complicated activities. (More access to activities result from more access to stuff called "macrostates" in the OP's second hypothesis regarding Artificial General Intelligence.)
  5. Likewise, Artificial General Intelligence[AGI] or Artificial Super Intelligence[ASI] when built, will have access to more cognitive activities, and they'll get more work done than humans. So, they'll reasonably pay more entropy to the thermodynamic system that is nature.
  6. This means there is reasonably a pattern, nature is finding more and more ways to extract more and more entropy from activities done (i.e. entropy maximization), and nature reasonably does this by building smarter and smarter things. Humans thus likely won't be the last thing nature finds to derive entropy from work; there will likely be AGI or ASI or whatever smarter thing that follows humans. (Laws of physics permits smarter things than humans overall)

Crucially, Science can reasonably describe how organic life began (namely, via evolutionary principle etc) and also, reasonably where human life perhaps seeks to go (again, via evolutionary principle etc, as described in the hypotheses above.)


  1. An atheist PhD psychologist hypothesizes that future humans are probably supposed to replicate universes [2017]: "Cosmological Natural Selection, Cosmological Evolution and the Futu...".
  2. An atheist computer scientist hypothesizes that a grand human purpose is probably to create Artificial General Intelligence [2015]: "Why the purpose of the human species is probably to create artifici...?"
  3. Video summary:


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It will be a debate on whether we are created by a purpose or not. There is the argument that there is no purpose until egos from species are created. As far as I am concerned, I have seen no evidence that non-human animals like monkeys believe they were created by a purpose. Very small things that cannot seen by the human's naked eye like atoms, electrons, protons, molecules, etc. have not told me they were created on purpose. From what I can gather in my head, I am not sure if I was born with a purpose or not. The universe was created because it could be created, not that it consciously chose to be created with a purpose. So, what if we are here because we could be here without any purpose? All I do know is that my birth was allegedly a surprise and was not expected at all and that I exist because of what my biological parents did and what their ancestors did and what evolution did and what Earth's creation did and what the universe did and so forth. However, I don't know if all of that was on purpose or not.

Shine, as I write these words my purpose is to tell you and others who read them, “I am a multi-purposed being.”

That purpose achieved, I now have another, to say that in moments I will have another purpose, perhaps to imbibe some caffeine.


Shine & Tom, I have trouble knowing how to answer Shine because he wrote, "we are created by a purpose or not/"

It is his use of "by," which means something different than "for."  What does "by a purpose" mean?

Tom, I like your use of the phrase, "I am a multi-purposed being.”

As I take an objective look at my life, I use the quadrants of the Earth as a prompt for me to attempt to broaden my perspective. 

When I turn to the EAST, I acknowledge the fact that I exist. I AM!

When I turn to the SOUTH, I recognize that if I want to survive, I must work. I WORK!

When I turn to the WEST, I understand that I am part of communities, plural. I PARTICIPATE!

When I turn to the NORTH, I confirm I exist in the universe, WOW! I WONDER!

Of course, this structure leaves out a lot of detail, however

Shine, of course, we exist by a purpose. Pond scum blooms because of runoff of animal droppings, and I include human droppings in this category. Pond scum snails grow in population because there is a food supply and will continue to grow until no more pond scum remains.  Pond scum or snails or something evolves into something else as the food supply changes. Mosquitoes grow and multiply because a food supply exists and they continue growing in number until and unless the food supply changes. Mosquitoes transfer blood back and forth between warm-blooded animals, including Homo sapiens. On occasion, those pesky devils spread deadly diseases, i.e. malaria to humans. Malaria can be transmitted human to human through blood transfusion, organ transplant, or shared needles and syringes that have contaminated blood.  

Life-forms evolved until Homo sapiens appeared on Earth. Humans are classed according to a taxonomy, i.e. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.

Why did Homo sapiens evolve? I have no idea, but a chimpanzee, Grey Wolf, Tiger Snake, and Monarch Butterfly don't know, either. Does it matter? A bee wakes up in the morning; a female worker bee does not rub its front arms together declaring, "I must collect pollen today!" It simply goes about its business of sticking her proboscis in as many pretty flowers as she can find. 

We still do not know why Homo sapiens evolved. I have no idea; I do know that we, as a species, have grown exponentially and will either eat up our food supply or kill all living things,  if we don't STOP, THINK, and ACT responsibly. 

Is today’s Catholicism still telling children their purpose is “to know, love and serve God and be happy with him forever in Heaven”?

More than half a century ago, I was told that a few times, told innumerable times to say it and that many times did say it.




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