Take an amusing quiz to learn about unexpected effects of Climate Change. After each multiple choice question, you see if you were right (and the right answer if you weren't).
Four foot tropical jelly invades British river.
A monster barrel jellyfish has been spotted for the first time floating along - a British river.
The giant creature measuring around 4ft from head to tentacle was seen drifting along Cornwall's Helford River.
Several of the massive creatures have been found washed up on UK beaches in recent weeks but the latest invader was seen half a mile inland.
Barrel jellyfish are usually found in more tropical areas such as the Mediterranean sea.
Train derailments, another effect of Climate Destabilization.
You can add ‘sun kinks,’ or railways that buckle in extreme heat, causing derailments, to the list of things that are already taking a toll on U.S. transportation, a problem that figures to grow significantly as the U.S. warms.
Intense heat expands the metal, curving and misaligning rails that become a danger to the trains gliding over them.
Considering the increasing amount of hazardous materials and number of passengers being transported by rail in the U.S., that could have disastrous consequences.
Railroads are currently seeing a giant increase in the amount of some hazardous materials they carry. Because of a hydraulic fracturing boom, crude oil shipments by rail spiked from 9,500 carloads in 2009 to nearly 400,000 carloads in 2013,...
Sun kinks have already caused ... about 50 derailments a year, on average.
Sun kinks and other track buckling incidents are among the costliest the rail industry deals with today, with damage running roughly $1 million per derailment, excluding injuries, fatalities and evacuations,...
The heat waves that scorched much of the U.S. in 2012 ... Blaming “the unusually high and prolonged record-breaking temperatures” that affected much of the U.S. that summer, the advisory detailed four major train derailments that resulted from sun kinks within the span of about two weeks.
Track buckling in extreme heat is difficult to detect ahead of time because it can happen suddenly and without warning,...
Climate Destabilization makes land mines more dangerous.
... the linkage between landmines and climate change. Yes, you read that right; it is not a typo. The story comes from the floods that Serbia and Bosnia & Herzegovina have been suffering. According to a U.S. Department Of State Media Note, heavy rains in the Balkans have caused widespread flooding that has led to the possible shifting and uncovering of some of the 120,000 landmines remaining from the 1992-1995 conflict associated with the break-up of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The floodwaters also may have washed away many of the markers delineating the minefields. In addition, the de-mining companies are facing clearance operations in new and unfamiliar circumstances - assessing large areas, clearing mines from landslides, and conducting underwater de-mining.
Oh great! Human caused pollution, that cause climate change, that cause land mines from wars to explode, added to the other factors that cause changes in ocean currents, that cause changes in the pressures on tectonic plates, and that cause more earthquakes, as well as the practice of fracking, which changes groundwater and oil that lubricates tectonic fracture joints and pollutes aquifers, are problems that have to be faced.
Deniers of human caused climate change, and deniers of old Earth contribute to maintaining and perpetuating these changes.
Patterns have a cause; if denial of what are the true causes of changes with such magnitude that profoundly impacts our planet, to remain silent in the face of such delusions is to become part of the problem.
If the purpose of life is to be awake and aware of what is real, then that means we must not only expect, but demand, evidence for claims scientific or theologic. To remain silent in the face of delusions is no virtue. To not challenge the denial of superstitions is no honor.
Kudzu and Japanese knotweed accelerate Climate Change by changing soil chemistry.
... invasive plants can accelerate the greenhouse effect by releasing carbon stored in soil into the atmosphere.
Since soil stores more carbon than both the atmosphere and terrestrial vegetation combined, the repercussions for how we manage agricultural land and ecosystems to facilitate the storage of carbon could be dramatic.
"far-reaching implications for how we manage agricultural land and native ecosystems."
"The key seems to be how plant litter chemistry regulates the soil biological activity that facilitates the buildup, composition and stability of carbon-trapping organic matter in soil."
"As the climate warms, kudzu will continue to invade northern ecosystems, and its impact on carbon emissions will grow,"
"it is the chemistry of plant biomass added to soil rather than the total amount of biomass that has the greatest influence on the ability of soil to harbor stable carbon.
"incorporating legumes such as beans, peas, soybeans, peanuts and lentils that have a higher proportion of nitrogen in its biomass can accelerate the storage of carbon in soils,"
As a gardener, I grow soils, not plants. If I am successful in putting the elements into the soil that the individual plant needs, it will flourish, if not, it will wither or not produce what I desire of the plant.
Deforestation, improper farming techniques, use of chemical to solve one problem creates other problems, and all work to destabilize the soils creating erosion or toxicity to plant life.
Here is a site that helps explain replacement of beef with legumes.
Now, if those who cut down forest and do not replace them with some beneficial plants will surely have undesirable plants move in. Invasive plants can take over so fast it will make your head swim. Some good old fashioned know how and the incorporation of knowledge of soils can help to be part of the solution of global warming.
More chronic fatigue syndrome from Climate Destabilization? We know that the changing climate will flood more buildings. New evidence shows that chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with fungal mycotoxins.
Scientific literature has demonstrated mycotoxins as possible causes of human disease in water-damaged buildings (WDB).
Urine specimens from 104 of 112 patients (93%) were positive for at least one mycotoxin (one in the equivocal range). Almost 30% of the cases had more than one mycotoxin present. OTA was the most prevalent mycotoxin detected (83%) with MT as the next most common (44%). Exposure histories indicated current and/or past exposure to WDB in over 90% of cases. Environmental testing was performed in the WDB from a subset of these patients. This testing revealed the presence of potentially mycotoxin producing mold species and mycotoxins in the environment of the WDB. [emphasis mine]
Climate Change generates noctilucent clouds!
Climate scientists hypothesize that the effects of the ash in the atmosphere or the inception of the industrial revolution led to the first sightings of noctilucent clouds.
So not only are these clouds new to Earth's atmosphere, but they tend to show up following extreme climate catastrophes. Then why are there more and more news reports of sightings of noctilucent clouds?
First off, noctilucent means "night shining" in latin; these clouds primarily occur at extreme latitudes following sunset. If you've ever gone out and looked for satellites around sunset, hunting down these clouds would be very similar. This is because they are extremely high-altitude. In fact, they form in the mesosphere. The mesosphere is the atmospheric layer above the troposphere and, to introduce some context here, it is commonly taught in elementary and middle school science that ALL WEATHER occurs in the troposphere. But noctilucent clouds form as high as 76 km (47 miles), which is five times higher than the highest elevation cirrus clouds in the troposphere.
Recent observations show that the frequency, brightness, and extent of these clouds are increasing.
- Some climate scientists think that global warming is cooling the mesosphere leading to the formation of more clouds.
- A competing theory is that methane is being pushed higher up into the atmosphere than ever before, and chemical reactions with methane are producing more water vapor in the atmosphere.
Whichever theory you choose to believe, these clouds are man-made.
This climate change not only changes the surface of the planet, but it also affects our fragile atmosphere in ways that we have yet to fully understand.
Climate Change causes earthquakes, volcano activation, tsunamis.
The melting of glaciers driven by global warming portends a seismically turbulent future. When glaciers melt, the massive weight on the Earth's crust is reduced, and the crust “bounces” back in what scientists call an "isostatic rebound.” This process can reactivate faults, increase seismic activity, and lift pressure on magma chambers that feed volcanoes.
This has happened several times throughout Earth's history, and the evidence suggests that it is starting to happen again.
There are implications for all parts of the world where glaciers and active faults coincide, including the Alps, Himalayas, Rocky Mountains, Andes and the Southern Alps in New Zealand. But of particular concern is the continental shelf around Greenland, where a massive melting of the ice sheet might trigger earthquakes strong enough to trigger underwater landslides which in turn could generate tsunamis.
Melting ice and sea-level rise also mean that previously exposed continental margins become inundated with water. At the end of the last ice age, the extra load was more than enough to reactivate faults and trigger earthquakes around the rims of all the major ocean basins, some of which are thought to have set off giant landslides on the sea floor.
“A particular worry,” writes Bill McGuire in New Scientist, is that such seafloor landslides could “contribute to large-scale releases of methane gas from the solid gas hydrate deposits that are trapped in marine sediments. Gas hydrates have been identified around the margins of all the ocean basins, and outbursts of gas may occur as sea temperatures climb or as rising sea levels trigger underwater quakes in the vicinity.” [emphasis mine]
Climate Change nudging California earthquakes?
“We found a link between what humans are doing on the ground and the rate of earthquakes,” Amos said. His data and model are published today in the international scientific journal Nature.
... think of the Earth’s surface like a flexible sheet of plywood with a weight on it. “The upper portion of the earth is elastic, and the ground water is weighing it down like a brick,” Amos said. Removing groundwater is like lifting that brick. The earth’s crust literally flexes up. As it moves up, it pushes up the Sierra Nevadas and the Coastal Ranges.
The researchers also looked at how this movement might stress the San Andreas Fault, which runs parallel to the San Joaquin Valley. … the researchers found that patterns of seasonal microseismicity — rashes of tiny earthquakes — track with yearly changes in water use …
And they suggest a major long-term change: destabilization of the San Andreas fault over time. “Long-term withdrawal of water in the San Joaquin Valley is leading to a decrease of stress on the San Andreas fault, and this promotes earthquakes,” ...
Geologists’ working assumption is that human activity is too insignificant to play any role in whether large quakes happen. But the new model shows that may not be true, Lundgren said. What the new groundwater model shows, Lundgren said, is that human factors have put us another step or two closer to the next big quake. [emphasis mine]
Climate Destabilization will dramatically increase lightening strikes to the ground.
Atmospheric scientists looked at predictions of precipitation and cloud buoyancy in 11 different climate models and concluded that their combined effect will generate 50 percent more electrical discharges to the ground by the end of the century because of global warming. The main cause is water vapor, which fuels explosive deep convection in the atmosphere. The more convection, the greater the charge separation and the more cloud-to-ground strikes. [emphasis mine]
Climate Change can give you flatworm infection from seafood.
Modern-day trematodes will first infest mollusks like clams and snails, which are eaten by shore birds and mammals including humans. Symptoms of infection in humans range from liver and gall bladder inflammation to chest pain, fever, and brain inflammation. The infections can be fatal. At least 56 million people globally suffer from one or more foodborne trematode infections, according to the World Health Organization.
... a paleobiologist from the University of Missouri has found indications of a greater risk of parasitic infection due to climate change in ancient mollusk fossils. His study of clams from the Holocene Epoch (that began 11,700 years ago) indicates that current sea level rise may mimic the same conditions that led to an upsurge in parasitic trematodes, or flatworms, he found from that time. He cautions that an outbreak in human infections from a related group of parasitic worms could occur and advises that communities use the information to prepare for possible human health risks. [emphasis mine]