Here is a link for NY gardeners. I suspect there would be similarities for other Northerners or cool climates, but not identical.
I haven't grown enough for long enough to be confident about what does best in my maritime NW Climate. Short season, cool summers, long mild winter. Some that work well for me -
Roma bush bean
Pencil Pod Yellow Wax bush bean
A Chinese pole bean, wide pod. I don't know the variety.
Bush zucchini - I don't know the variety
Yellow bush summer squash - ditto
Waltham Butternut squash
Better Boy tomato
Supersweet 100 tomato
Cherokee Black tomato
Hungarian Yellow Wax pepper
perennial onions - Yellow Potato Onion and Egyptian Walking Onion
Garlic. Probably any type, but I've grown Inchelium Red for 13 years and it produces very well. I also had good success with German White Porcelain
Various potatoes. I don't have a preference. Most years I grow one called "White Gourmet" they sell the starts at the Fred Meyer store.
My most productive rhubarb is "Victoria" but the best tasting is an unknown, redder variety.
A lot of herbs do well, no variety names. Chives, Garlic (Chinese) Chives, Greek Oregano, mints, Rosemary, thyme, parsley, sage, basil.
I was able to grow "Clemson Spineless" Okra but it stayed small and there were only a few pods. Okra really prefers southern or tropical. Still it was the first fresh Okra I've ever had in the NW. For 2014 I will have a test okra garden and use soil warming techniques to see if I can grow more.
Swiss chard was somewhat successful. It was my first year growing it. Lyon Swiss did better than "Bright Lights"
I did not have success with Chinese cabbage due to animals ate all of the plants. That was the problems with "Bright Lights"
A generic Mesclun mix did pretty well.
French Breakfast Radish
Cherry Belle Radish
That's my list from mentally going around the yard and thinking about the past years of gardening. Especially 2013.
This year I plan to repeat standards, that I know do well for me. And do experiments. I'm trying to avoid buying more Monsanto-owned and hybrid seeds, but have some Lemon Boy, Better Boy, and other tomato seeds from previous years that I can plant. In addition to the okra experiment, I want to try additional bush beans, a bush cucumber, some vine cucumbers, and several squash and pumpkins. And some different peppers and tomatoes.
Tomatoes here need to be grown upright with staking. Otherwise my vines become fungus infected and rot. Staked tomatoes are very happy here.
I like learning from the experts, using science and experience, but also breaking the rules. Sometimes what they say won't grow here, can be grown. Sometimes it can't.
What grows well for you? What will you be trying?
I don't know how you have the time, Daniel. I mean, you still have a paying job, recovering from health issues, blog, etc., etc. Yet, you garden like a crazy fool! And not simple "throw a few seeds in the ground". I can't tell you how impressed and embarrassed I am. Guess I'm just not as dedicated or as patient as you.
I'm impressed also, but when it comes to gardening, it sounds like Daniel is like me.
It's a way to forget your troubles and relax. Just the opposite of an additional burden.
Spud, You are right. It's an escape. Much better than drinking or smoking or gambling.
Randall, I'm always trying to think of self-sustaining / easier ways to do things. That is why I build the raised beds. Much easier than gardening in-ground. Once they are built. And now they are. Fruit trees need a little attention, in the long run less than vegetables. It's mostly just puttering. Also, no TV and I don't have the attention span to read like I used to.