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Using Bone Ashes in the Garden. 12.9.18
Joan, thank you for the interesting information.
For some of my plants, I'm trying to get around the reduction of pollinators. I hand pollinate squashes and pumpkins. For some fruit trees, I graft multiple varieties onto the same trees, so the insects don't have to travel much at all. Plus a little wind pollination might work in such a short distance.
Nature is changing. We need to find ways to adapt.
Looking for a photo of oyamel fir forests in Mexico, I discovered this talented photographer of nature, Julio Valdez, Here is his picture of Abies religiosa (Sacred fir), USDA Zone: 8 (10 to 20 F / -6.7 to -12.2 C).
"This species is native to the mountains of central and southern Mexico — Eje Volcánico Transversal, Sierra Madre del Sur; and western Guatemala. It grows at high elevations of 6,900 to 13,500 feet (2,100 – 4,100 m) above sea level in cloud forests with high rainfall, cool, humid summers and dry winters in most of its habitat with the exception of the state of Veracruz to the east where grows with precipitation all year long. Regular winter snowfalls occur on the highest populations.
The story of the Monarch butterfly gets more interesting as I follow its journey.
Eje Volcánico Transversal,
Where do pollinators go in the winter? Bees, butterflies, and birds have interesting overwinter strategies.
"honey bees form special clusters inside their hives to keep warm. Worker honey bees huddle around their queen and vibrate their wings and bodies in a “shivering” behavior in order to generate heat inside the hive. This behavior is amazingly carried out all winter and uses up a lot of the bees’ energy. In order to fuel this heated huddle, honey bees use their stored honey as a main source of food in order to stay energized and keep the queen and the hive at an optimal temperature throughout the winter!"
"Monarch butterflies migrate over 3000 miles and 5000 kilometres from Canada and the Northern United States all the way to the oyamel fir forests in Mexico."
"most hummingbirds in North America also migrate far distances in the winter, such as the rufous hummingbird which can migrate up to 4000 miles and over 6000 kilometres from Alaska all the way to Mexico."
My garden critters demonstrate the wonders of nature and the durability of little things. The more I know about them the more I respect them.
A dead giant Ponderosa pine stands across the meadow from my room. Now, patches of snow cover the ground; in the summertime, I use that tree as a feeding place for bees and birds. Woodpeckers created holes, billions and billions of them, getting the worms that live there. A whole village of living things occupies that giant apartment house. The deer gather there, too, as well as the wild turkeys. Occasional wild ducks and geese walk through, too. I don't know why; there is no standing water on these 17 acres of sand dunes. Several lakes surround us, caused by glacial melt that left clay filling the low spots and sealing the water into "tubs."
Randy, if it's a real hawthorne, then pears can be grafted onto it. Pears are usually among the easiest fruits to graft.
I tried grafting pears onto hawthornes, but it turned out those were cascara, not hawthorne. So they didn't take.
Currently heating with the firewood I cut 2 years ago. We have a semi-wild area that serves as a woodlot. Several of those trees fall over every year, so I cut them up for firewood. Then they sit in the open sided woodshed for one or two years to dry out. These logs are 6 to 9 inches in diameter, so don't need splitting, just cutting into sections. After they burn, I spread the ashes around trees and in the garden.
My soil is very acidic, and the main minerals lacking are calcium and magnesium. Wood ashes are alkaline, and contain high amounts of calcium - 25% ..., as well as magnesium, potassium, and other minerals. Wood ashes are mostly calcium carbonate, which is what my soil needs the most. I apply a much lower amount compared to what the link recommends - I'd rather not overdo it. The link says 5 pounds per 100 square feet per year. I probably spread about 1 pound per 100 square feet, if that much. Ed Hume recommends spreading ash around trees and shrubs. I avoid around acid-loving plants, like chestnut trees, rhododendrons, azaleas, as well as where I will grow potatoes next season. Ed Hume recommends 1 gallon per square yard, or 1/4 to 1/2 inch on lawns and flower beds. Again, I just apply a dusting.
What I thought was a regular apple tree I started from seed from a store bought apple (can't remember the name), turned out to be a Hawthorne, spiny limbs with inedible fruits. It must have been a hybrid of some sort. Oh well.
A nice article, indeed. The Fedco Cooperative in Maine, especially the APPLE SCIONWOOD section amazes me. The photos and descriptions of the many varieties of apple scion wood make it easier to make selections. This treasure of a resource goes into my gardening file.
Here's a nice article about Honeycrisp and newer apples. I've read similar before but enjoy the information. In my orchard, we like Liberty and Honeycrisp the best. There is also one called "Rubinette" that was very good this year, not good last year. We'll see about next year.
Each year I buy some scion for grafting. It's an inexpensive way to try different varieties. As a result, most of my apple trees have 3 to 10 varieties of apple per tree. My favorites to try are historic types, and disease resistant hybris from the PRI (Purdue Rutgers Illinois) program. They cross bred many types, including some crabapples, to make some delicious, disease resistant varieties. in the past I grew Pristine which was a big favorite, and very early. But that branch bore so heavily this year, it broke off. The Fedco Cooperative in Maine carries lots of varieties of scion, both historic and modern. I like those, and like to read through the descripfions and order early. For next Spring, Im thinking about trying Prima, St Lawrence, and Williams Pride. This year and last year's grafts all took, but wont bear until next Spring or the year after. Those include Honeycrisp, Priscilla, Fameuse, Milo Gibson, Baldwin, Newtown Pippin, and others. Some did well, others not. Fun to read and think about during winter.
Randy, I learned to do that years ago, when my neighbor collected them and kept them in her window sill for the winter. They root easily in a glass of water. I do change the water now and then so it's not too mucky, but other than that let them decide which ones and when to root. Some people argue it's not the best method, but it works for me.
Daniel, I never thought about trying to root geranium cuttings. I'll put that on my "to do" list.
My garden is pretty much cleaned up. I still have to cut down asparagus growth. The only veggies left are kale and chard, plus a few sprigs of volunteer dill and lettuce.
As for the yard, I now have plenty of leaves and pine needles to collect. I'll compost them.
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