The “Firehose of Falsehood is ” a contemporary form of Russian propaganda which 45* uses to effect.
In 2016, the nonpartisan research organization RAND released a study of messaging techniques seen in Kremlin-controlled media. The researchers described two key features: “high numbers of channels and messages” and “a shameless willingness to disseminate partial truths or outright fictions.”
The result of those tactics? “New Russian propaganda entertains, confuses and overwhelms the audience.”
Indeed, Trump’s style as a mendacious media phenomenon resonates strongly with RAND’s findings from the study...
The deluge matters, notes RAND: “The experimental psychology literature suggests that, all other things being equal, messages received in greater volume and from more sources will be more persuasive.”
RAND: “Russian propaganda is rapid, continuous, and repetitive”
RAND: “Russian propaganda makes no commitment to objective reality”
Phony news stories are a staple of Vladimir Putin’s Russia—and ... Trump and his team have been caught repeating several that originated in Russian news outlets.
Trump also has a habit of repeating false statements that can be very easily checked—...
RAND notes that this propaganda strategy flies in the face of conventional wisdom that “the truth always wins.”
RAND: “Russian propaganda is not committed to consistency”
Trump’s story often changes, even among his own false statements.
RAND: “Don’t expect to counter the firehose of falsehood with the squirt gun of truth.”
... the RAND research found that pointing out specific falsehoods was an ineffective tool against the propaganda techniques they studied in Russia because “people will have trouble recalling which information they have received is the disinformation and which is the truth.” The researchers acknowledged the challenges that other governments and organizations like NATO have in countering Russian propaganda, and advised against taking on the propaganda messages directly.
The researchers advise ... exposing the method: “Highlight the ways propagandists attempt to manipulate audiences,” they say, “rather than fighting the specific manipulations.” [emphasis mine]
The truth be told, Trump lies! “Firehose of Falsehoods" is enough to confuse any voter, unless that voter pays attention and compares the falsehood with what is real. Many people don't care what is real.
"By God, whites are superior to blacks!
"We all know, men are masters of their homes and wives and children are to yield, pray, turn the other cheek, submit, and acquiesce."
"Humans are superior to animals, nature, and the Earth"
"Man is created to have dominion over all that swims, crawls, and flies."
"The task of man is to subdue nature."
"E]xposing the method: “Highlight the ways propagandists attempt to manipulate audiences,”
I remember that struggle and the death of Don Bolles,
First: >The firehose of falsehood has funding.
Points for fabulous alliteration. And when you consider content, it's a motto for the ages. Well played, sir.
Second >"Don’t expect to counter the firehose of falsehood with the squirt gun of truth.”
They're cutting off the water supply to our squirtguns as we speak/type.
If I were of a pessimistic bent, I might suggest something like we are so fucked.
feverishly and unfelicitously.
The Illusory Truth Effect. The science behind why fake news is so hard to wipe out This is why 45* repeating the same lies over and over and over shifts the Overton Window.
Participants are reliably more likely to rate statements they’ve seen before as being true — regardless of whether they are.
When you’re hearing something for the second or third time, your brain becomes faster to respond to it. “And your brain misattributes that fluency as a signal for it being true,” says Lisa Fazio, a psychologist who studies learning and memory at Vanderbilt University. The more you hear something, the more “you’ll have this gut-level feeling that maybe it’s true.”
Most of the time, this mental heuristic — a thinking shortcut — helps us. We don’t need to rack our brains every time we hear “the Earth is round” to decide if it’s true or not. Most of the things we hear repeated over and over again are, indeed, true. But falsehoods can hijack this mental tic as well.
The more we encounter fake news, the more likely we are to believe it