Imagine my surprise when I saw the title THE BONOBO AND THE ATHEIST, In Search of Humanism Among the Primates in my small conservative town's public library! It's a brand new book by Frans de Waal, a Dutch/American biologist teaching at Emory U. in Atlanta, GA.
The book can best be summed up in the cover's introduction: "In this lively and illuminating discussion of his landmark research, esteemed primatologist Frans de Waal argues that human morality is not imposed from above but instead comes from within. Moral behavior does not begin and end with religion but is in fact a product of evolution."
His evidence is from years of primate observations, primarily bonobos and chimpanzees. If they exhibit fair play, cooperation, empathy, remorse without "religion", why do we need "God" to explain our morals? Is it "genetic". Is it learned behavior? We don't really know the complete answer.
The book is easy and fun to read, filled with animal anecdotes. De Waal refuses to bash religion, instead, questions how it all became so important and necessary for humans. "The central issue of atheism...strikes me as monumentally uninteresting. What do we gain be getting in a tizzy about the existance of something no one can prove or disprove?" More: "People simply believe because they want to. This applies to all religions. Faith is driven by attractions to certain persons, stories, rituals, and values. It fulfulls emotional needs, such as the need for security and authority and the desire to belong. Theology is secondary and evidence tertiary." To which I say "!!". (I stated in my very first Nexus blog that I wasn't going to get involved in debates, discussions, controversies, analysis, philosophy, etc.) De Waal has a few harsh things to say about Hichens, Dawkins, and Harris, by the way.
Anyway, I couldn't put the 243 page book down. It's filled with facts and evidence and inspiring observations--a convincing case for secular ethics.