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# 42 Measurements of Newtonian Constant of Gravitation using the r2e2 Balance

Max Planck Society: "Frederic-r2e2"; patent name
"...O mein! ...Das erste Maß! 6.66... x 10 ^ 8
zentimeter ^ 3 / gramm - sekunde ^ 2"
Friedrich Wilhelm Denke, 1888

42 Measurements of Newtonian Constant

Newtonian constant of gravitation
G
Value: 6.671 281 903 963 04 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2
Standard uncertainty: 0.00000000000000 099 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2
Relative standard uncertainty: 1.0 x 10-14
Concise form: 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2

TABLE I - G=2/c, c=2/G, 2=G*c (natural units):

G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1977 ASU
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1978 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1979 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1980 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1981 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1982 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1983 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1984 POC
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1985 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **1986 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1987 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1988 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1989 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1990 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1991 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1992 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1993 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1994 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1995 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1996 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1997 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **1998 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *1999 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2000 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2001 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **2002 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2003 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2004 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2005 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **2006 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2007 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2008 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2009 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **2010 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2011 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2012 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2013 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **2014 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(098) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2015 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2016 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(100) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 *2017 DIT
G = 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 **2018 DIT

* Year of Measurement
ASU - Arizona State University
POC - Pitts Oil Company
DIT - Denoco Inc. of Texas

TABLE II - Graviton Density frequency readings:

NIST-82 6.672 6 0.000 5 08/29/1980 10/10/1980 09/19/1980 42 torsion balance time-of-swing
TR&D-96 6.672 9 0.000 5 04/19/1985 10/19/1995 06/09/1990 3835 torsion balance time-of-swing
LANL-97 6.674 0 0.000 7 01/01/1996 05/31/1996 03/15/1996 151 torsion balance time-of-swing
UW-00 6.674 255 0.000 092 03/10/2000 04/18/2000 03/29/2000 39 torsion balance acceleration servo
BIPM-01s 6.675 53 0.000 40 09/29/2000 11/02/2000 10/16/2000 34 torsion balance electrostatic servo
BIPM-01c 6.675 65 0.000 45 11/25/2000 12/13/2000 12/04/2000 18 torsion balance Cavendish
BIPM-01sc 6.675 59 0.000 27 09/29/2000 12/13/2000 11/02/2000 75 torsion balance Cavendish & servo
UWUP-02 6.674 22 0.000 98 01/12/2001 06/29/2001 03/06/2001 168 two pendulums
MSL-03 6.673 87 0.000 27 03/21/2002 11/01/2002 07/11/2002 225 torsion balance electrostatic servo
HUST-05 6.672 3 0.000 9 08/04/1997 10/15/1997 09/09/1997 72 torsion balance time-of-swing
UZH-06 6.674 25 0.000 12 07/31/2001 08/21/2001 08/21/2001 21 beam balance
HUST-09a 6.673 52 0.000 19 03/21/2007 05/20/2007 04/20/2007 60 torsion balance time-of-swing
HUST-09b 6.673 46 0.000 21 10/08/2008 11/16/2008 10/27/2008 39 torsion balance time-of-swing
JILA-10 6.672 34 0.000 14 05/12/2004 06/06/2004 05/28/2004 25 two pendulums
BIPM-13s 6.675 15 0.000 41 11/08/2007 01/16/2008 12/15/2007 69 torsion balance electrostatic servo
BIPM-13c 6.675 86 0.000 36 08/31/2007 09/10/2007 09/05/2007 10 torsion balance Cavendish
BIPM-13sc 6.675 54 0.000 16 08/31/2007 01/16/2008 10/25/2007 138 torsion balance Cavendish & servo
UCI-14a 6.674 35 0.000 10 10/04/2000 11/11/2000 10/23/2000 38 torsion balance time-of-swing
UCI-14b 6.674 08 0.000 15 03/25/2002 05/12/2002 04/18/2002 48 torsion balance time-of-swing
UCI-14c 6.674 55 0.000 13 04/08/2006 05/14/2006 04/26/2006 36 torsion balance time-of-swing
LENS-14 6.671 91 0.000 99 07/05/2013 07/12/2013 07/08/2013 7 atom interferometer
FWD 6.671 281 903 963 04 0.000 00 04/01/2018 04/01/2018 1 graviton density frequency reader

Newtonian constant of gravitation
G
Value: 6.671 281 903 963 04 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2
Standard uncertainty: 0.00000000000000 099 x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2
Relative standard uncertainty: 1.0 x 10-14
Concise form: 6.671 281 903 963 04(099) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2

https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2014/10/trouble-capital-g
https://ws680.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=918564
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4173273/

Table II last entry, G=f^2/D, D=f^2/G,
f=(GD)^1/2, not in the original.

Friedrich Wilhelm Denke
(b. 1864 - d. 1936)
Waldenburg

https://armageddonprospect.wordpress.com/
https://garrydenke.wordpress.com/
https://helestone.wordpress.com/
https://gdenke.wordpress.com/

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Comment by Garry Denke on September 24, 2018 at 5:01pm

Loren rules! :-)

Comment by Loren Miller on September 24, 2018 at 4:45pm

Hmph ... remarkably consistent ... unlike a certain non-existent deity I could mention...

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