Religion's spirit-body split has produced many dualistic divivions like Hell and Heaven. Hell (fictional dystopia) is ostensibly the realm of the damned. Heaven (fictional utopia) is supposedly the realm of the saved. Many religions have their laudatory chosen few destined to go to Heaven (the saved) and their derogatory many discarded to Hell (the damned). In Greek mythology Hades is the Underworld; land of the dead. Gulley and Mulholland said, "much of the pain and suffering in our world is a direct consequence of a persistent belief in dual destiny - the idea that some are destined for heaven and the rest for hell." (2004) I argue that Hell is a learned fear concerning perdition and a deontological punishment of eternal damnation. Deontological punishment of the religious kind is revenge against anyone daring to disagree with certain dogma(s). I acutely agree with Christopher  Hitchens that, “nothing proves the man-made character of religion as obviously as the sick mind that designed hell, unless it is the society limited mind that has failed to describe heaven - except as a place of either worldly comfort, eternal tedium, or, as Tertullian thought, continued relish in the torture of others." (2007) I maintain that humans are such a mean species that we do not deserve this fictional fantastical Heaven. And, as a mean species such as ours, what does it say about a God who said “let us make man in our own image, and after our likeness?” (Gen. 1:26) I ask, “Is it a mean and revengeful God that is responsible for creating a species that is capable of such mean and revengeful behaviors?”

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Comment by Loren Miller on November 5, 2018 at 5:40am

If god created man in his own image, how come I'm not invisible?
― David Powers

Comment by Frankie Dapper on November 5, 2018 at 3:03am

Compelled, it was a rhetorical question. In other words that is precisely the point the author was making. 

He, however, will not talk to mere mortals. Instead he pontificates and acts like the god he derides.

Comment by Compelledunbeliever on November 5, 2018 at 2:34am

Well said Tom. Typically Gods emulate human behavior as they are created by man.

Comment by Joan Denoo on October 31, 2018 at 9:32pm

No, a mean and revengeful god is not responsible for creating a species that is capable of such mean and revengeful behaviors. 

Homo sapiens accomplished that all by itself. Then, this Homo sapiens created a mean and revengeful god to serve its purposes. 

Comment by Frankie Dapper on October 31, 2018 at 8:50pm

Mr. Johnson, will you pontificate alone or will you reply?

Comment by Frankie Dapper on October 26, 2018 at 4:29pm

How does the dualism of spirit-body produce other dualisms including heaven and hell?

Your assertion nothing proves man-made nature of religion as obviously as the sick mind that designed hell is false. It rests on the premise that god is a good entity in the way we define goodness. I can point to so many different aspects of religion that strongly suggest it is man-made and are as or more persuasive. 

Comment by Tom Sarbeck on October 26, 2018 at 12:08pm

No, Al. Mean and vengeful men created a mean and vengeful god.

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