Who were a few of the Black Civil Rights Movement and what did they do?

What does it take for a weak individual to stop being afraid and think about his or her situation, find ways to stand up, and take action?

What does it take for a weak community to build coalitions of like-minded people and challenge those who dominate? 

Who were a few of the Black Civil Rights Movement and what did they do?

Asa Philip Randolph, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. "He dedicated his life to fighting for social justice and to empower the African American community so that blacks could live with dignity. He headed The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963 which ultimately helped the passage of the Civil Rights Act (1964)."

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), "used the power of words and acts of nonviolent resistance, such as protests, grassroots organizing, and civil disobedience to achieve seemingly-impossible goals. He went on to lead similar campaigns against poverty and international conflict, always maintaining fidelity to his principles that men and women everywhere, regardless of color or creed, are equal members of the human family."  

James Farmer Jr.,of Congress Of Racial Equality (CORE), "best remembered for staging nonviolent protests against racial discrimination in America. was one of the 'Big Six' of the Civil Rights Movement who helped organize the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. He worked for the pacifist group Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) and was the co-founder of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). He organized and led the Freedom Ride, which immensely contributed to the desegregation of interstate transportation in the United States."

John Lewis of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; the National Urban League's Whitney Young, Jr." "Lewis and Hosea Williams led a march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, on March 7, 1965. After crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge, the marchers were attacked by state troopers. Lewis was severely beaten once more, this time suffering a fractured skull. The violent attacks were recorded and disseminated throughout the country, and the images proved too powerful to ignore. "Bloody Sunday," as the day was labeled, sped up the passage of 1965's Voting Rights Act." “We have been too quiet for too long. There comes a time when you have to say something. You have to make a little noise. You have to move your feet. This is the time.” 

Roy Wilkins of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) "directed the NAACP’s fight against de jure and de facto segregation and racial inequality.  He played a key role in organizing the 1963 March on Washington which led to the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the Selma to Montgomery March in Alabama which produced the 1965 Voting Rights Act.  He also participated in the 1966 March Against Fear in Mississippi following the attempted assassination of James Meredith."

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Comment by Tom Sarbeck on October 12, 2018 at 11:47am

Joan, your mention of Asa Philip Randolph dusted off a fading memory and in Wikipedia I found:

In June 1941, at the urging of A. Philip Randolph, the leading African-American trade unionist, [President Franklin Delano] Roosevelt signed an executive order establishing the Fair Employment Practice Committee and prohibiting discrimination by any government agency, including the armed forces.

The story I recalled took place well before the above date, when FDR expected war would come. Randolph and an associate told him that unless he opened doors to employment for negroes, they would have no reason to help America prepare.

FDR, the story said, told his visitors “Make me do it.”

Randolph and his associate, rather than agonize as so many people do, did make FDR do it; they organized negroes and made FDR do what many white people opposed.

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